All listed birds have been documented on buffer and aquatic preserve lands in the time periods shown after the species. Resident means breeding or non-breeding birds have been recorded all times of the year; special notes follow some species to indicate the best time period for observation.


Family GAVIIDAE: Loons

_ Red throated LoonGavia stellata. Oct-Mar

_ Common LoonGavia immer. Oct‑Apr


_ Pied billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps. Resident

_ Horned GrebePodiceps auritus. Oct-Jun

_ Red necked GrebePodiceps grisegena. Dec-Jan

_ Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis. Dec-Jan  

Family SULIDAE: Boobies and Gannets

_ Masked (Blue‑faced) BoobySula dactylatra. Jul-Aug­

_ Brown BoobySula leucogaster. Jul

_ Northern GannetMorus bassanus. Aug‑May. Dec and Apr are the best months to observe this species.

Family PELECANIDAE: Pelicans

_ American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos. Sep‑Jan; ­Mar-Jul

_ Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis. Resident.


_ Double crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus. Sep‑May

Family ANHINGIDAE: Darters

_ AnhingaAnhinga anhinga. Resident. Apr‑Dec

Family FREGATIDAE: Frigatebirds

    Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens. Mar‑Nov After a strong southerly storm.

Family ARDEIDAE: Bitterns, Herons, and Egrets

_ American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus. Sep‑Jul; Jan-Mar

_ Least BitternIxobrychus exilis. Mar‑Dec

_ Great Blue HeronArdea herodias. Resident.

_ Great White Heron. Sep-Oct

_ American Egret Casmerodius albus  Resident

_ Great EgretArdea alba. Resident

_ Snowy EgretEgretta thula. Resident

_ Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea. Resident

_ Tricolored (Louisiana) HeronEgretta tricolor. Resident

_ Reddish EgretEgretta rufescens. Resident. Oct-May

_ Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis. Resident. Jan-Apr are the best months to observe this species.

_ Green HeronButorides virescens. Resident. Mar-Oct are the best months to observe this species.

_ Black crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax. Resident

_ Yellow crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violacea. Resident. Apr‑Oct are the best months to observe this species.

Family THRESKIORNITHIDAE: Ibises and Spoonbills

_ White IbisEudocimus albus. Resident

_ Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus. Mar-Oct

Family CICONIIDAE: Storks

_ Wood StorkMycteria americana. Resident. May-Oct are the best months to observe this species.

Family CATHARTIDAE: New World Vultures

_ Black VultureCoragyps atratus. Resident

_ Turkey VultureCathartes aura. Resident

Family ANATIDAE:Waterfowl:

_ Wood DuckAix sponsa. Resident

_ GadwallAnas strepera. Oct‑Mar

_ American WigeonAnas americana. Sep‑Apr

_ American Black DuckAnas rubripes. Oct‑Apr

_ MallardAnas platyrhynchos. ­Nov‑Apr

_ Blue winged TealAnas discors. Year-round. Sep is the best month to observe this species.

_ Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata. Aug ‑May

_ Northern PintailAnas acuta. Oct‑Mar; Jul-Aug

_ Green winged TealAnas crecca. Sep‑Mar

_ CanvasbackAythya valisineria. Oct-Feb

_ RedheadAythya americana. Oct‑Apr

_ Fulvus Whistling Duck  Dendrocygna bicolor Spring

_ Ring necked DuckAythya collaris. Oct‑May

_ Lesser ScaupAythya affinis. Oct-Jun.

_ Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata. Oct-Dec

_ White winged ScoterMelanitta fusca. Nov-Jan; May

_ Black ScoterMelanitta nigra. Oct-Dec

_ Long-tailed Duck (Oldsquaw)Clangula hyemalis. Dec-Jan

_ BuffleheadBucephala albeola. Nov‑May

_ Common Golden-eyeBucephala clangula. Nov‑Mar

_ Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus. Nov-Mar

_ Red breasted MerganserMergus serrator. Nov‑Apr

_ Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis. Oct‑Jun

Family ACCIPITRIDAE: Kites, Eagles, Hawks and Allies

_ OspreyPandion haliaetus. Resident

_ Swallow tailed KiteElanoides forficatus. Feb-Jun on the Chipola River.

_ Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis. Apr-Sep on the Chipola River.

_ Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus. Resident

_ Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus. Aug-May. Most frequently seen in Mar‑Apr and Sep‑Oct.

_ Sharp shinned HawkAccipiter striatus. Aug-Apr. Most frequently seen Sep‑Oct in migration at St Joseph State Park.

_ Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii. Resident

_ Red shouldered Hawk. Buteo lineatus. Resident

_ Broad winged HawkButeo platypterus. Mar‑Oct

_ Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni. Oct. Most frequently seen Oct in migration at St Joseph State Park.

_ Red‑tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis. Resident

_ Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos. Apr-Jun; Oct-Dec

Family FALCONIDAE: Caracaras and Falcons

_ American KestrelFalco sparverius. Resident

 MerlinFalco columbarius. Sep- Apr. Most frequently seen Sep‑Oct in migration at St Joseph State Park.

_ Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus. Sep‑Apr. Most frequently seen Sep‑Oct in migration at St Joseph State Park.

Family PHASIANIDAE: Turkey.

_ Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo. Resident. Jul and Feb are the best months to observe this species.


_ Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianus. Resident

Family RALLIDAE: Rails, Gallinules, and Coots

_ Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis. Apr-May; Oct-Nov

_ Clapper Rail. Rallus longirostris. Resident

_ King RailRallus elegans. Resident

_ Virginia RailRallus limicola. Sep‑Apr

_ SoraPorzana carolina. Jul-May. Most frequently seen in Sep‑Nov and Apr.

_ Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica. Resident. Apr‑Nov are the best months to observe this species.

_ Common Moorhen (Gallinule)Gallinula chloropus. Resident

_ American CootFulica americana. Resident

Family GRUIDAE: Cranes

_ Sandhill CraneGrus canadensis. Sep; Dec-May

Family CHARADRIIDAE: Plovers

_ Black bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola. Aug‑Sep; Apr‑May.

_ American (Lesser) Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica. Mar-Apr; Sep‑Dec

_ Snowy PloverCharadrius alexandrinus. Resident

  Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia. Resident. Mar‑Sep and Nov are the best months to observe this species

_ Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus. Recorded every month of year. May and Aug are the best months to observe this species

_ Piping PloverCharadrius melodus. May-July

_ KilldeerCharadrius vociferus. Resident

Family HAEMATOPODIDAE: Oystercatchers

 American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus. Resident. Jan-Feb and May-Jun and Nov are the best months to observe this species

Family RECURVIROSTRIDAE: Stilts and Avocets

_ Black necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus. May- Jun; Sep

_ American AvocetRecurvirostra americana. Sep-Oct; Dec; Jun-Aug

Family SCOLOPACIDAE: Sandpipers and Allies

_ Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca. Jul‑May

_ Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes. Resident. Apr and Jul‑Sep are the best months to observe this species.

_ Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria. Jul-May

_ WilletCatoptrophorus semipalmatus. Resident

_ Spotted SandpiperActitus macularia. Jul‑May

_ Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda. Aug‑Sep; Feb‑May

_ WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus. Jun‑Mar

_ Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica. Sep-Oct; May

_ Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa. Aug‑ Jun      

_ Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres. Common transient and fairly common winter resident with a few remaining in the summer.

_ Red KnotCalidris canutus. Apr‑May; Sep‑Oct

_ SanderlingCalidris alba. Common transient and winter resident, and rare (non‑breeding) summer visitor.

_ Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla. Fairly common spring, rare fall transient. Spring peeps are more likely this species than the Western Sandpiper. May is the best month to observe this species.

_ Western SandpiperCalidris mauri. Fairly common falland rare spring transient; uncommon winter visitor. Fall peeps are much more likely this species than

_ Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla. Jul‑May

_ White rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis. May‑Jun .

_ Baird’s SandpiperCalidris bairdii. May

_ Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos. Jul‑Oct; Mar‑Apr

_ Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima. Jan

_ DunlinCalidris alpina. Sep-Jun

_ Stilt SandpiperMicropalama himantopus. Aug‑Oct; Apr‑May

_ Buff breasted SandpiperTryngites subruficollis.Mar; Sep

_ RuffPhilomachus pugnax. Mar-Apr

_ Short billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus. Fairly common transient and uncommon winter resident, occasional non‑breeders in summer.

_ Long billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus. Jan; May; Aug

_ Wilson’s(Common) SnipeGallinago delicata. Aug-Apr

_ American WoodcockScolopax minor. Resident. Apr-Mar are the best months to observe this species.

_ Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor. May; Aug-Sep

Family LARIDAE: Gulls and Terns

_ Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus. May-Jul; Sep; Dec

_ Laughing GullLarus atricilla. Resident

_ Bonaparte's GullLarus philadelphia. Nov‑May; Aug-Sep

_ Ring billed GullLarus delawarensis. Resident

_ American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus. Resident

_ Iceland GullLarus glaucoides. Jan

_ Great (Greater) Black‑backed GullLarus marinus. Feb-Mar

_ Black legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla. Dec-Jan

_ Gull billed TernSterna nilotica. Mar‑Oct.  Fairly common in Gulf County, especially at Indian Pass.

_ Caspian TernSterna caspia. Resident. Fairly common in Gulf County, especially at Indian Pass.

_ Royal TernSterna maxima. Resident

_ Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis. Resident

_ Common TernSterna hirundo. Apr‑Nov

_ Forster's TernSterna forsteri. Resident

_ Least TernSterna antillarum. Mar-Sep

_ Bridled TernSterna anaethetus. Apr; Jun

_ Sooty TernSterna fuscata. Jun; Aug

_ Black Tern. Chlidonias niger. Apr-Sep

_ Brown NoddyAnous stolidus. May; Aug

_ Black SkimmerRynchops niger. Resident.

Family COLUMBIDAE: Pigeons and Doves

_ Rock Dove (Pigeon)Columba livia. Res. Exotic

 Eurasian Collared‑DoveStreptopelia decaocto. Res. Exotic

_ White winged DoveZenaida asiatica. Mar-May;Oct-Jan

_ Mourning DoveZenaida macroura. Resident.

_ Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina. Resident.

Family CUCULIDAE: Cuckoos and Anis

_ Black billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus. May, Aug‑Oct

_ Yellow billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus. Apr-Oct

_ Groove billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris. Oct‑Apr

Family TYTONIDAE: Barn Owls

_ Common Barn OwlTyto alba. Rare resident

Family STRIGIDAE: Typical Owls

_ Eastern Screech‑OwlOtus asio. Resident.

_ Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus. Resident.

_ Barred OwlStrix varia. Resident.

_ Short eared OwlAsio flammeus. Nov; Jan

Family CAPRIMULGIDAE: Nighthawks and Goatsuckers

_ Common NighthawkChordeiles minor. Mar‑Nov

_ Chuck will's widowCaprimulgus carolinensis. Mar‑Oct

 Whip poor willCaprimulgus vociferus. Aug‑Mar  

Family APODIDAE: Swifts

_ Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica. Mar‑Nov  

Family TROCHILIDAE: Hummingbirds

_ Ruby throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris.

  Mar Nov. In winter check to be sure its this species , also may be Black‑chinned Hummingbird or Rufous Hummingbird. Females of these species are difficult to separate in field.

 Black chinned Hummingbird. Archilochus alexandri. Dec-Jan

 Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufus. Sep-Apr  

Family ALCEDINIDAE: Kingfishers

_ Belted KingfisherCeryle alcyon. Resident. More common in the winter.  

Family PICIDAE: Woodpeckers and Allies

_ Red headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalu­s. Resident.

_ Red bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus. Resident.

_ Yellow bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius. Oct‑Apr

_ Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens. Resident.

 Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus. Resident.           

 Red cockaded WoodpeckerPicoides borealis. Rare resident

_ Northern (Yellow shafted) FlickerColaptes auratus. Resident.

_ Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus. Resident.  

Family TYRANNIDAE: Tyrant Flycatchers

_ Eastern Wood PeweeContopus virens. ­Apr Nov

_ Yellow-bellied Flycatcher. Empidonax flaviventris. Sep

_ Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescens. Apr Sep

_ Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus. Oct-Nov­

_ Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe. Sep-Mar

_ Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus. Oct Mar­

_ Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus. Mar Oct

_ Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis. Apr‑May; Oct Jan

_ Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus. Mar‑Nov

_ Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis. Apr‑Sep

_ Scissor tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatus. Aug-Dec; Apr  

Family LANIIDAE: Shrikes

_ Loggerhead Shrike. Lanius ludovicianus. Resident.  

Family VIREONIDAE: Vireos

_ White eyed VireoVireo griseus. Resident.

_ Yellow throated VireoVireo flavifrons. Mar Oct; Dec

_ Blue-headed (Solitary) VireoVireo solitarius. Oct  Apr

_ Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus. Oct

_ Red eyed VireoVireo olivaceus. ­Mar Oct

_ Black whiskered VireoVireo altiloquus. Apr  

Family CORVIDAE: Jays and Crows

_ Blue JayCyanocitta cristata. Resident.

_ American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos. Resident.

_ Fish CrowCorvus ossifragus. Resident.

Family ALAUDIDAE: Larks

_ Horned LarkEremophila alpestris. Dec

Family HIRUNDINIDAE: Swallows

_ Purple MartinProgne subis. Feb Nov. Peak abundance in Mar and Jul-Aug.

_ Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor. Aug May. Peak abundance in Apr and Sep.

_ Northern Rough winged Swallow.Stelgidopteryx serripennis. Resident.

_ Bank SwallowRiparia riparia. Apr-May; Aug‑Sep

_ Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota. Aug‑Oct

_ Barn SwallowHirundo rustica. Resident. Peak abundance Apr‑May and Aug‑Sep.  

Family PARIDAE: Titmice and Chickadees

_ Carolina ChickadeePoecile carolinensis. Resident

_ Tufted TitmouseBaeolophus bicolor. Resident  

Family SITTIDAE: Nuthatches

_ Red breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis. Oct‑May

_ White breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis. Resident. More common in north Bay County.

_ Brown headed NuthatchSitta pusilla. Resident  

Family CERTHIIDAE: Creepers

_ Brown CreeperCerthia americana. Oct Feb  


_ Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianus. Resident

 Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii. Nov Feb

_ House WrenTroglodytes aedon. Sep Apr

_ Winter WrenTroglodytes troglodytes. Oct Mar

_ Sedge (Short billed Marsh) WrenCistothorus platensis. Sep May

_ Marsh (Long billed Marsh) WrenCistothorus palustris. Resident  

Family REGULIDAE: Kinglets.

_ Golden crowned KingletRegulus satrapa. Oct Apr

_ Ruby crowned KingletRegulus calendula. Sep Apr  

Family SYLVIIDAE: Gnatcatchers.

_ Blue gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea. Resident  

Family TURDIDAE: Thrushes

_ Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis. Resident

_ VeeryCatharus fuscescens. Aug-Oct; Apr May

_ Gray cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus. Aug Oct; Apr

_ Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus. Sep-Dec; Mar May

_ Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus. Oct Apr

_ Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina. ­Mar Oct

_ American RobinTurdus migratorius. Oct-Jun. Most abundant Nov Dec and Feb Mar. Arrive in large numbers with winter cold fronts.

_ Varied Thrush. Ixoreus naevius. Dec  

Family MIMIDAE: Mockingbirds, Thrashers, and Allies

_ Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis. Aug Jun

_ Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos. Resident

_ Brown Thrasher. Toxostoma rufum. Resident  

Family STURNIDAE: Starlings

_ Common (European) StarlingSturnus vulgaris. Res.Exo.


_ American (Water) PipitAnthus rubescens. Oct Mar

_ Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueii. Dec Mar  

Family BOMBYCILLIDAE: Waxwings

_ Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum. Oct MayMost frequently seen in Feb-Apr.

Family PARULIDAE: Wood Warblers

_ Blue winged WarblerVermivora pinus. Jul-Oct; Mar Apr

_ Golden winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera. Sep Oct; Apr May

_ Tennessee WarblerVermivora peregrina. Sep Nov; Apr May

_ Orange crowned WarblerVermivora celata. Oct Apr

_ Nashville WarblerVermivora ruficapilla. Sep-Oct; May

_ Northern ParulaParula americana. Dec-Oct

_ Yellow WarblerDendroica petechia. Jul Nov; Apr May

_ Chestnut sided WarblerDendroica pensylvanica. Sep Oct; Apr

_ Magnolia WarblerDendroica magnolia. Sep-Oct; Apr May

_ Cape May WarblerDendroica tigrina. Oct; Apr

_ Black throated Blue WarblerDendroica caerulescens. Sep Oct; Apr-May

_ Yellow rumped (Myrtle) WarblerDendroica coronata. Sep May

_ Black throated Gray WarblerDendroica nigrescens. Dec

_ Black throated Green WarblerDendroica virens. Sep Jan; Apr May

_ Blackburnian WarblerDendroica fusca. Aug Nov; Mar May

_ Yellow throated WarblerDendroica dominica. Resident

_ Pine WarblerDendroica pinus. Resident

_ Prairie WarblerDendroica discolor. Resident

_ Palm WarblerDendroica palmarum. Sep Apr

_ Bay breasted WarblerDendroica castanea. Sep Oct; Apr-May

_ Blackpoll WarblerDendroica striata. Mar Jun

_ Cerulean WarblerDendroica cerulea. Sep; Apr

_ Black and white WarblerMniotilta varia. Jul May

_ American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla. Jun Oct; Apr May

_ Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citrea. Mar Oct

_ Worm eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorus. Sep Oct; Mar Apr

_ Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsonii. Apr-Aug

_ OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillus. Sep Nov; Apr

_ Northern Waterthrush. Seiurus noveboracensis. Jul-Dec; Apr May

_ Louisiana WaterthrushSeiurus motacilla. ­Apr Oct

_ Kentucky WarblerOporornis formosus. Mar Oct

_ Mourning WarblerOporornis philadelphia. Sep; Mar

_ Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas. Resident

_ Hooded WarblerWilsonia citrina. Mar  Nov

_ Wilson's WarblerWilsonia pusilla. Sep Jan

_ Canada WarblerWilsonia canadensis. Sep

_ Yellow breasted ChatIcteria virens. Apr Oct; Jan  

Family THRAUPIDAE: Tanagers

_ Summer TanagerPiranga rubra. Mar Nov. Most frequently noted April and September.

_ Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea. Sep Oct; Mar May

_ Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana. Feb Mar; Dec  

Family EMBERIZIDAE: New World Sparrows and Allies.

_ Eastern (Rufous‑sided)Towhee. Pipilo erythrophthalmus. Resident

_ Bachman's SparrowAimophila aestivalis. Resident. The best way to observe this elusive sparrow is to play a tape of its call.The bird will respond and come in closer. Finding it in Gulf County is easier because of its habitat requirements.

_ Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina. Sep May

_ Clay colored SparrowSpizella pallida. Oct

_ Field SparrowSpizella pusilla. Resident

_ Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus. Oct Apr

_ Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus. Aug Nov; Jan

_ Savannah Spar